Essential Elements of PYP
The essential elements of the PYP are a balance of knowledge, skills, conceptual understanding, the demonstration of positive attitudes, and taking responsible actions. Through these five elements a PYP learner strives to become an internationally-minded person, a life-long learner, and a citizen of the world.
The five essential elements of the programme are:
Knowledge: Significant, relevant content that we wish the students to explore and know about, taking into consideration their prior knowledge, experiences, State and Common Core standards, and the six transdisciplinary themes (Who We Are, Where We Are in Place and Time, How We Express Ourselves, How the World Works, How We Organize Ourselves, Sharing the Planet) help structure the schools Programme of Inquiry.
Concepts: Powerful ideas that have relevance within the subject areas but also transcend them and that students must explore and re-explore in order to develop a coherent, in-depth understanding. Eight Key Concepts have been chosen and are posed in the form of questions in order to drive the programme and inquiry within the school. The eight key concept questions in their simplest form are:
Form: What is it like?
Function: How does it work?
Causation: Why is it like it is?
Change: How is it changing?
Connection: How is it connected to other things?
Perspective: What are the points of view?
Responsibility: What is our responsibility?
Reflection: How do we know?
Approaches to learning: Skills that students need to demonstrate to succeed in a changing, challenging world, which may be disciplinary to transdisciplinary in nature. These skills are broken into five categories: Communication skills, Social skills, Research skills, Self-Management skills, and Thinking Skills.
Attitudes: Dispositions that are expressions of fundamental values, beliefs and feelings about learning, the environment, and people. They help to define the attributes of the Learner Profile. The twelve attitudes are: Appreciation, Commitment, Confidence, Cooperation, Creativity, Curiosity, Empathy, Enthusiasm, independence, Integrity, Respect, and Tolerance.
Action: Demonstrations of deeper learning in responsible behavior through responsible action; a manifestation in practice of the other essential elements.