English Language Arts
English Language Arts (ELA) is the backbone of any exemplary school. At King-Murphy Elementary the development of reading, writing, word study, vocabulary, spelling, grammar and communication skills (speaking and listening) is a driving force in all other content areas.
Programs Currently in Use at King-Murphy
Journeys (Harcourt/Houghton Mifflin) - This program utilizes Research-based, systematic instruction, which focuses on “5 Big Ideas in Reading” - phonemic awareness, phonics, fluency, vocabulary, comprehension (National Reading Panel, 2000). Journeys is powerful in that it was developed as a
balanced literacy approach meaning there is a gradual release of responsibility to include whole group (modeling), small group (guided practice), and independent reading and writing. This includes extensive use of the Readers Workshop approach by Irene Fountas, which also relates to other programs currently in use such as Units of Study (Lucy Calkins).
To build phonemic awareness and phonics, we use explicit instruction and phonemic awareness is taught through the use of oral language, songs, rhymes based on principles of language and concepts of print, while integrated with spelling and writing. Each lesson is differentiated to meet students’ needs and can adapt with strategic and intensive intervention as needed.
In regards to fluency, our teachers incorporate instruction to target the following areas:
- Accuracy in word recognition
- Expression and intonation
- Natural phrasing
- Pausing and attending to punctuation
- Reading rate and stress
Vocabulary can often be overlooked but through Journeys teachers at King-Murphy leverage the power of Word Study (developed by Shane Templeton, author of Words Their Way), which is infused throughout whole group and small group reading instruction and includes word study, phonics, and spelling.
Comprehension is built through strategic instruction that includes the stop and think strategy, questioning, summarizing, inferring, identifying story elements, connections, predictions, collaborative grouping, Turn and Talk - because according to Irene Fountas, “Talking is Thinking – and we need to get students to think!” Teachers also employ open ended activities with multimodal opportunities to demonstrate understanding.
Lucy Calkins Units of Study for Reading and Writing - The following reading and writing instructional strategies are taken, primarily, from the Units of Study for Reading and Writing authored by Lucy Calkins and the Teacher's College at the Columbia University.
Reading and Writing Workshop Components
Mini-lesson: The teacher leads a short (10-15 minute) whole group lesson focusing on a topic or skill most students need support on or are not familiar with. For example in reading it might be around comprehension, decoding, or text-features while in writing it could be around the writer’s process, the qualities of good writing, or editing skills.
Independent Work: As students read silently, they are encouraged to stop and write stickies to share their thinking and practice different reading skills such as envisioning, predicting, inferring, thinking, or connecting. In writing, students are writing for sustained time about topics of their choice. They are drafting, planning, rereading, revising, proofreading, and talking with other writers about their pieces — doing the real work of writing.
Conferences and Small Group Instruction: As students read silently, the teacher is actively meeting with individual students for several minutes to practice fluency and reading comprehension strategies. In writing, as the students are writing independently, the workshop teacher is moving about the room, taking a couple minutes at a time to check in with students as they write.
These moments are opportunities to differentiate instruction by working one-on-one with a student or small groups. They are also chances to gather informal assessments of students’ progress. Based on these assessments, a teacher can plan what to teach in a future minilesson. Or they can pull a small group together to address a common area of need.
Share Time and Closure: End the reading workshop time with a whole-class conversation. The focus for these conversations should be to share a skill or strategy, something students learned as readers, or one of many conversations about being a reader and the reading community in the classroom. In writing, this is a special time when writers can share their writing with the whole class. It might be a completed piece. It might be a draft that the student wants help problem-solving. It’s a time when students learn to give and receive responses to one another’s writing in a public setting.
To learn more about Lucy Calkins and her Reading and Writing Units of Study please go to the Columbia University Teachers College Reading And Writing Project at http://readingandwritingproject.org/about.
READ Act and Plans: The Colorado Reading To Ensure Academic Development Act (Colorado READ Act 2012) ensures that Colorado schools maintain a focus on K-3 literacy, assessment, and individual plans for students reading below grade level. The READ Act also specifically focuses on students identified as having a significant reading deficiency, delineating requirements for parent communication, and providing funding to support intervention. Click here for a CDE READ Act fact sheet and click here for a CDE Read Act Literacy fact sheet for families. Students on READ Plans will be receiving extra support inside and outside the classroom to bridge the gap in their reading skills. For more information visit the CDE Colorado Literacy website or contact the school.
Multi-Tiered System of Support (MTSS): For more support students may be referred to a school-based committee around MTSS, for more information go our MTSS webpage.
Reading Interventionist: Siri Lewis, our school reading interventionist, is an experienced reading specialist supporting both our teachers and students in best practices in ELA as well as transdisciplinary planning within the IB PYP programme. In regards to students this is a Tier 2 intervention in our MTSS process. For more information contact the school at (303) 670-0005 or email Siri at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Book Room: In the 2016-17 school year the King-Murphy Parent-Teacher Association, supported a major project in our school in creating a book room as a resource for teachers to differentiate instruction with our students. This room has leveled book so that teachers can find resources for whole group instruction, small group support, or even one-on-one instruction. If you are ever in the building, and small group instruction isn’t occurring within the room, please do ask to see this wonderful resource.
Colorado Department of Education (CDE) Standards: Being a public school we rely on academic standards from the state of Colorado to support our instruction planning. Click here for the Colorado Academic Standards and guides to help families understand them.